Logit Dynamics [Blume, Games and Economic Behavior, 1993] is a randomized best response dynamics for strategic games: at every time step a player is selected uniformly at random and she chooses a new strategy according to a probability distribution biased toward strategies promising higher payoffs. This process defines an ergodic Markov chain, over the set of strategy profiles of the game, whose unique stationary distribution is the long-term equilibrium concept for the game. However, when the mixing time of the chain is large (e.g. exponential in the number of players), the stationary distribution loses its appeal as equilibrium concept, and the transient phase of the Markov chain becomes important. In several cases it happens that on a time-scale shorter than mixing time the chain is “quasi-stationary”, meaning that it stays close to some small set of the state space, while in a time-scale multiple of the mixing time it jumps from one quasi-stationary configuration to another; this phenomenon is usually called “metastability”.
In this paper we give a quantitative definition of “metastable probability distributions” for a Markov chain and we study the metastability of the Logit dynamics for some classes of coordination games. In particular, we study no-risk-dominant coordination games on the clique (which is equivalent to the well-known Glauber dynamics for the Ising model) and coordination games on a ring (both the risk-dominant and no-risk-dominant case). We also describe a simple “artificial” game that highlights the distinctive features of our metastability notion based on distributions.
Guest: Francesco Pasquale
Host: Merav Parter